Germany is relatively poor in raw materials. Its few important mineral resources include bituminous coal reserves in the Rhine-Westphalian industrial region, the area around Aachen, and the Saar region; lignite reserves in the Rhine Basin, the Helmstedt area, the western Hessian lowlands, the Upper Palatinate, the Leipzig Basin, and the Lusatia region; crude oil deposits in northwestern Germany; natural gas wells in the North German Lowlands, Upper Rhine, and Bavarian foothills; rock salt mines in Lower Saxony and Bavaria; and potash mines in Lower Saxony, Hesse, Thuringia, and South Baden.

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