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Press Releases

No. 39c2e | 29. August 2014

TGF-ß prevents self-reactive B cell activation

TGF-ß prevents self-reactive B cell activation

No. 39ce | 28. August 2014

How silent genes are activated

How silent genes are activated

No. 39 | 26. August 2014 | by Koh

One cancer – many tumors

One cancer – many tumors

In studies on prostate cancer, scientists from the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) simultaneously investigated the genetic and epigenetic development of the tumors. They used a parallel approach to analyze both the genome and the methylation of the DNA in various tissue samples from a tumor and its metastases. Both processes equally reflect the complex composition of multiple different daughter clones in advanced tumors. As DNA methylation impacts the activity of genes, detecting diverging methylation patterns may help understand the origins of metastases and choose more specific treatment strategies.

No. 38c4e | 22. August 2014

Encyclopedia of stem cells – Identification of regulatory networks in hematopoietic stem cells and their immediate progeny

Encyclopedia of stem cells – Identification of regulatory networks in hematopoietic stem cells and their immediate progeny

No. 38c3e | 22. August 2014

Scientists discover thymus stem cells

Scientists discover thymus stem cells

Scientists at the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) have identified a common progenitor of cortical and medullary thymic epithelial cells

No. 38c2 | 21. August 2014 | by Sel

Enough is enough: How tissues regulate their growth

Enough is enough: How tissues regulate their growth

Scientists from the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) have discovered a previously unknown mechanism that cells can use to control their growth. This mechanism plays a role in development, and its failure can result in cancer. The DKFZ researchers headed by Aurelio Teleman, jointly with colleagues in the group of Kent Duncan at Hamburg-Eppendorf University Hospital, have now published their results in Nature.

No. 38c | 19. August 2014

HFSP grant awarded to DKFZ junior researchers

HFSP grant awarded to DKFZ junior researchers

The Human Frontiers Science Program (HFSP) has awarded a Young Investigator Grant to an international 4-member-team, including the DKFZ Junior Group Metabolism & Stem Cell Plasticity. The grant will support a collaborative project with 1.2 Million US Dollars over 3 years aiming at modeling the information flow between tissues during organismal metabolic adaptation and disease. The project was among 34 proposals selected out of 844 submitted applications (http://bit.ly/icCsdh).

No. 38 | 13. August 2014 | by Koh

Factors that shorten our life expectancy

Factors that shorten our life expectancy

People who refrain from consuming alcohol and cigarettes, who also eat very little red meat and sausage products, and who maintain a normal body weight live up to 17 years longer than those who combine these habits. This is the result of calculations performed by scientists from the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), based on data from participants in the Heidelberg EPIC study. Smoking turns out to be the singlemost factor in reducing life expectancy. On average, men lose nine years and women seven years of life to cigarette smoking.

No. 37 | 01. August 2014 | by Koh

The Long and Winding Road to Gene Regulation

The Long and Winding Road to Gene Regulation

Small chemical modifications such as DNA methyl groups can tell the cell whether a given gene is expressed or not. Scientists from the German Cancer Research Center (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, DKFZ) have now discovered how the methyl marks can regulate gene activity: They influence where the DNA wraps around its packaging proteins to form complexes called nucleosomes. The removal of the methyl groups makes these nucleosomes unstable, and previously inaccessible DNA regions are released for binding of enzymes that affect gene activity.

No. 36b | 24. July 2014

A protein couple controls flow of information into the brain’s memory center

A protein couple controls flow of information into the brain’s memory center

Neuroscientists in Bonn and Heidelberg have succeeded in providing new insights into how the brain works. Researchers at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) and the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) analyzed tissue samples from mice to identify how two specific proteins, ‘CKAMP44’ and ‘TARP Gamma-8’, act upon the brain’s memory center. These molecules, which have similar counterparts in humans, affect the connections between nerve cells and influence the transmission of nerve signals into the hippocampus, an area of the brain that plays a significant role in learning processes and the creation of memories. The results of the study have been published in the journal Neuron.

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