Overview of Risk Factors
Much has been learned about the causes of malignant diseases since the previous edition of the Cancer Atlas. Although different cancers can vary markedly in their etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis, it is still possible to identify risk factors and groups of risk factors on the epidemiologic level that have bearing on numerous cancers and whose contribution to cancer etiology can at least be estimated.
The sections of the following chapter on 'Cancer Mortality by Site' will explore the risk factors that have an established or putative causal association with specific types of cancer.
Today we know that cancer prevention has the potential to reduce cancer mortality rates in Germany well below current levels. This topic will be dealt with again in the concluding chapter ('Conclusions').